1500 - 1700

When Sikander Lodi was the king of Delhi in 1503 AD. Maharaja Prithviraj Singh Ji was the ruler of Amber(capital), before Jaipur was built. One of his descendants in 1568 AD Thakur Manohardas Ji, the then Prime Minister of Amber was one of the greatest warriors in the Rajput history, ruling over the territories of Chaumoo, Samode and Mohanna. Thakur Sahib along with Maharaja Man Singh Ji of Jaipur gained victories in overall 22 battles including the Battle of Kandhar in Afghanistan where he defeated the army bravely and snatched their flags to present to the King, in return Thakur Sahib got the original flag of Amber and a great fortune of wealth.

The Royal Architecture

Walks and Gateways:

Extremely preoccupied with palace security, Maharajas would also build fortified walls and gateways around their residences. These heavily guarded structures were architectural marvels in themselves, mammoth in size and wrought with complex geometric designs that communicated the authority of the royal family. The beating of drums at palace gateways used to announce the coming of visitors to Indian royalty.

• Courtyards:

The Indian nobility's belief in their divine right to power manifested itself in the planning of palaces. The palace was designed following architectural guidelines described in ancient Indian texts known as the Vastushastras, some of which are more than fifteen hundred years old and were meant to be physical and spiritual microcosm of the universe. The central courtyard of a palace was said to be the building's most powerful point, and always contained a representation of a prominent deity. Views of the courtyard and deity could thus be enjoyed from each of the palace's residential quarters.

• Corridors, Arches:

The secret tunnels and doorways that abounded in Indian palaces allowed Maharajas easy access to their queens' quarters and provided them with quick getaways from public reception halls. More importantly, these clandestine passageways were a precaution against assassination plots and enabled a king and his entourage to slip in and out unnoticed.

• Canotopes:

When The Maharaja would sit on his throne or walk, an umbrella like jeweled canopy was held over his head. The palaces would have similar umbrella like structures called "chhatri" on top of their buildings. These actually were a common design indicating celestial power, its multiple tiers indicated the ascending realms of heaven.

• Gardens:

Indian rulers and their courtiers drank, ate and listened to music in the privacy of verdant, breathtaking gardens. Gardens were planned according to geometric patterns and were usually arranged in plots of four, known in Persian as "Charbagh". Court celebrations such as Holi took place in gardens, during which courtiers squirted each other with vivid colours.

Divine rights of Royals

Forces of Nature

Indian Courts